Rowsch Shaways

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Rowsch Shaways
Rowsch Shaways.jpg
Rowsch Shaways, 2011
1st Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region
In office
26 September 1996 – 20 December 1999
PresidentMassoud Barzani
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byNechervan Idris Barzani
Speaker of the Iraqi Kurdistan National Assembly
In office
October 1999 – January 2003
Preceded byJawhar Namiq
Succeeded byKamal Fuad
Vice President of Iraq
In office
June 1, 2004 – April 7, 2005
Serving with Ibrahim al-Jaafari
PresidentGhazi al-Yawer
Preceded byTaha Yassin Ramadan
Succeeded byGhazi al-Yawer and
Adil Abdul-Mahdi (Vice Presidents)
Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
April 7, 2005 – May 20, 2006
Prime MinisterIbrahim al-Jaafari
Nouri al-Maliki
Preceded byBarham Salih
Succeeded byBarham Salih
In office
August 20, 2009 – September 8, 2014
Prime MinisterNouri al-Maliki
Preceded byBarham Salih
Succeeded byHoshyar Zebari
In office
18 October 2014 – 10 August 2015
Prime MinisterHaider al-Abadi
Preceded byHoshyar Zebari
Personal details
Born1947 (1947)
Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Kingdom of Iraq
Died15 February 2021(2021-02-15) (aged 73–74)
Erbil , Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Political partyKurdistan Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Elke Shaways

Rowsch Nuri Shaways (Kurdish: ڕۆژ نووری شاوەیس, Arabic: روز نوري شاويس) (15 – 1947 February 2021[5]) was a Kurdish politician who served as the first Prime Minister of the KDP-controlled part of Kurdistan. After the invasion of Iraq that overthrew the Saddam Hussein regime, he served as one of Iraq's two vice presidents in the interim government established in 2004. Subsequently, he was a Deputy Prime Minister in the government headed by Ibrahim al-Jaafari and later held the same post under Nouri al-Maliki. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister under Haider Al-Abadi from 8 September 2014 to 9 August 2015. Previously, he served as speaker of the Iraqi Kurdistan National Assembly in the Kurdish autonomous region and was a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.

Family and education

His father was Nuri Siddik Shaways, who was one of the first Kurdish cabinet ministers in Iraq after the 1970 Autonomy Accord. His mother Nahida Sheikhsalam served as the first woman Member of Parliament.

He was the eldest of eight brothers.

Dr. Shaways earned a doctorate in engineering in Germany and returned to Iraq in 1975 to join the Kurdish resistance to Saddam Hussein, where he helped lead the Peshmerga forces in many key battles alongside Masoud Barzani.


External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Post Created
Prime Minister of KDP-controlled Kurdistan
Succeeded by
Nechervan Barzani
Preceded by
Taha Yassin Ramadan
Interim Vice President of Iraq
Served alongside Ibrahim al-Jaafari

Succeeded by
Adil Abdul Mahdi and Ghazi al-Yawar
as Vice Presidents
Preceded by
Barham Salih
(interim Deputy Prime Minister)
Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq
Succeeded by
Barham Salih