|1st Prime Minister of Kurdistan Region|
26 September 1996 – 20 December 1999
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Nechervan Idris Barzani|
|Speaker of the Iraqi Kurdistan National Assembly|
October 1999 – January 2003
|Preceded by||Jawhar Namiq|
|Succeeded by||Kamal Fuad|
|Vice President of Iraq|
June 1, 2004 – April 7, 2005
Serving with Ibrahim al-Jaafari
|Preceded by||Taha Yassin Ramadan|
|Succeeded by||Ghazi al-Yawer and |
Adil Abdul-Mahdi (Vice Presidents)
|Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq|
April 7, 2005 – May 20, 2006
|Prime Minister||Ibrahim al-Jaafari|
|Preceded by||Barham Salih|
|Succeeded by||Barham Salih|
August 20, 2009 – September 8, 2014
|Prime Minister||Nouri al-Maliki|
|Preceded by||Barham Salih|
|Succeeded by||Hoshyar Zebari|
18 October 2014 – 10 August 2015
|Prime Minister||Haider al-Abadi|
|Preceded by||Hoshyar Zebari|
Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Kingdom of Iraq
|Died||15 February 2021 (aged 73–74)|
Erbil , Kurdistan Region, Iraq
|Political party||Kurdistan Democratic Party|
Rowsch Nuri Shaways (Kurdish: ڕۆژ نووری شاوەیس, Arabic: روز نوري شاويس) (15 – 1947 February 2021) was a Kurdish politician who served as the first Prime Minister of the KDP-controlled part of Kurdistan. After the invasion of Iraq that overthrew the Saddam Hussein regime, he served as one of Iraq's two vice presidents in the interim government established in 2004. Subsequently, he was a Deputy Prime Minister in the government headed by Ibrahim al-Jaafari and later held the same post under Nouri al-Maliki. He also served as Deputy Prime Minister under Haider Al-Abadi from 8 September 2014 to 9 August 2015. Previously, he served as speaker of the Iraqi Kurdistan National Assembly in the Kurdish autonomous region and was a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
Family and education
His father was Nuri Siddik Shaways, who was one of the first Kurdish cabinet ministers in Iraq after the 1970 Autonomy Accord. His mother Nahida Sheikhsalam served as the first woman Member of Parliament.
He was the eldest of eight brothers.
Dr. Shaways earned a doctorate in engineering in Germany and returned to Iraq in 1975 to join the Kurdish resistance to Saddam Hussein, where he helped lead the Peshmerga forces in many key battles alongside Masoud Barzani.
- Central Intelligence Agency. CIA. 2010. p. 310.
- "Iraq Cabinet weakens as violence escalates". Hürriyet Daily News. 25 April 2013.
- "Kurds Forge a Risky Oil Deal With Turkey". Wall Street Journal. 2 December 2013.
- IBP, Inc. (23 June 2015). Iraq Investment and Business Guide Volume 1 Strategic and Practical Information. Lulu.com. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-329-24431-3.[self-published source]
- KDP’ Rowsch Shaways dies today
| Prime Minister of KDP-controlled Kurdistan
Taha Yassin Ramadan
| Interim Vice President of Iraq
Served alongside Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Adil Abdul Mahdi and Ghazi al-Yawar
as Vice Presidents
(interim Deputy Prime Minister)
| Deputy Prime Minister of Iraq