Вилояти Суғд (in Tajik)
Согдийская область (in Russian)
Sughd in Tajikistan
|• Total||25,200 km2 (9,700 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||TJ-SU|
Sughd Province (Tajik: Вилояти Суғд, romanized: Viloyati Sughd, lit. 'Sogdia Region' | Persian: ولایت سغد; Russian: Согдийская область, romanized: Sogdiiskaya oblast') is one of the four administrative divisions and one of the three provinces (Tajik: вилоятҳо, romanized: viloyatho | Persian: ولایت) that make up Tajikistan. Centered in the historical Sogdiana, it is located in the northwest of the country, with an area of some 25,400 square kilometers and a population of 2,707,300 (2020 estimate), up from 2,233,550 according to the 2010 census and 1,871,979 in 2000. The capital is Khujand (formerly Leninabad). It was founded in 1924 as part of Uzbek SSR and transferred to Tajik SSR by Soviet Communists in 1929. Today, the province is still home to many ethnic Uzbeks. The Province's ethnic composition in 2010 was 84% Tajik, 14.8% Uzbek, 0.6% Kyrgyz, 0.4% Russian and 0.1% Tatar.
The province shares a border with the Jizzakh, Namangan, Samarkand and Fergana regions of Uzbekistan, and the Osh and Batken regions of Kyrgyzstan. The Syr Darya river flows through it. It contains the Akash Massif and Mogoltau Massif Important Bird Areas. Sughd is separated from the rest of Tajikistan by the Gissar Range (passes may be closed in winter). The southern part of the region is the east-west valley of the upper Zarafshan River. North, over the Turkestan Range, is the Ferghana Valley. The region has 29% of Tajikistan's population and one-third of its arable land. It produces two thirds of the country's GDP.
It was known as Leninabad until 1991, then Leninobod until 2000, then Sogd until 2004.
The economy of Sughd has been growing steadily since 2000, at the average rate of 13.2% in 2008 and 13.3% in 2009. In 2009, farming, trade and industrial production contributed 28.2%, 25.8% and 14.0% to the GRP (gross regional product) of Sughd, respectively. Since 2000, the output of industrial production increased two-fold, at an average annual growth rate of 5–8%.
Sughd province counts the following 8 district-level cities (with population estimate as of 2020):
- Buston (Chkalovsk) (34,000)
- Guliston (Kayrakkum) (18,000)
- Isfara (51,700)
- Istaravshan (Ura-Tyube) (65,600)
- Istiqlol (Taboshar) (17,600)
- Khujand (Leninabad) (183,600)
- Konibodom (52,500)
- Panjakent (43,300)
The province is divided into 10 districts (Tajik: ноҳия, nohiya or Russian: район, raion). Furthermore, several cities (shahr) also cover other towns (shahrak) and rural localities. These are listed under "city districts".
Districts of Sughd
- Asht District
- Ayni District
- Devashtich District
- Ghafurov District
- Kuhistoni Mastchoh District
- Mastchoh District
- Spitamen District
- Jabbor Rasulov District
- Shahriston District
- Zafarobod District
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